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What is a Whistleblowing Hotline and How Do You Implement It in Your Company?

Yulia Landbo

Yulia Landbo

Last updated: Jul 23, 2023 5 min read

Engaged, motivated personnel is a key element to the long-term success of any company. A healthy level of employee engagement is driven by an open whistleblowing culture, empowering employees to blow the whistle - internally report instances of misconduct, fraud, or other unethical behavior. Against this backdrop, whistleblowing is crucial to achieving a culture of trust, transparency, and accountability within that organization. 

Whistleblowing hotlines, also referred to as ethics or compliance hotlines, or confidential reporting systems, provide a safe and anonymous tool for employees to express their concerns about suspected misconduct without fear of retaliation.

What is a whistleblowing hotline?

While historically denoting only a telephone-based reporting service, the term 'whistleblowing hotline' is now used to describe all dedicated communication channels for employees and other parties to report any suspected wrongdoing confidentially or anonymously.

Whistleblowing hotline services are typically managed internally by the organization's compliance team or by hiring a dedicated whistleblowing service, known in some countries as an ombudsman.  Beyond being just information-receiving channels, these services aim to facilitate reporting potential wrongdoing in the workplace. They serve as key mechanisms that help companies build trust and act upon potential misconduct very early, emphasizing anonymity, security, and a structured process for investigation and follow-up; thus ensuring that reported concerns are handled promptly, confidentially, and professionally.

Traditional types of tools for whistleblowing hotline

  • Phone. Phone-based whistleblowing hotlines enable employees to voice their concerns by calling a dedicated phone number. These whistleblowing channels often operate around the clock, allowing individuals to call at their convenience to discuss a case. The hotline may be staffed by live operators or use an automated system to guide the caller through the reporting process. 

  • Email. Email-based whistleblowing hotlines allow employees to send their concerns directly to a designated email address, which is monitored by the organization's compliance team. Since emails cannot be fully encrypted, data remains exposed, potentially placing the organization at risk for non-compliance with the legal obligations of the whistleblowing hotline. Additionally, messages may be intercepted and altered by unauthorized individuals. Lastly, similar to phone reporting, email whistleblowing also lacks built-in case follow-up and management features.

  • In-direct reporting enables employees to report their concerns to a supervisor, manager, internal case handler or HR representative during a safe, confidential meeting, who then relay the information to the appropriate compliance team within the organization. While the whistleblower receives immediate feedback, there is no automatic data protection or efficient tracking of case progress. Evidently, this type of whistleblowing does not offer anonymity.

What is a digital whistleblowing hotline?

A digital whistleblowing hotline is a web-based communication channel or platform that allows people to blow the whistle online. While offering whistleblower anonymity, whistleblowing hotline services keep all data not only confidential but also secure, in compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). They also allow the whistleblower to attach text files or images (with all metadata removed), as potential evidence. 

How does a digital whistleblowing hotline work?

The employee submits a report. In the event of misconduct within a company, employees can report incidents through the organization's whistleblowing system. During the reporting process, individuals fill out a case report form that requests key information about the incident. As per legal requirements, whistleblowers should receive a confirmation shortly after submitting their report, usually within seven days, but it can vary depending on the country. Throughout the process, whistleblowers can provide their personal information or submit the report anonymously.

Case management. Following the submission, the whistleblower receives a unique code granting access to an online system where they can view case updates. The whistleblowing platform typically assigns the case to a designated compliance officer or team within the organization, who then investigates the allegations and takes appropriate actions based on their findings. 

Feedback and follow-up. Whistleblowers can receive updates on their report's status, send attachments and additional evidence, as well as securely communicate with the investigation team. For anonymous reports, all communication remains anonymous unless the whistleblower chooses to disclose their identity.

Are whistleblowing hotlines anonymous?

While traditional whistleblowing hotlines, such as phone lines and email, ensure a certain degree of anonymity, they may still carry some risks of identification, as voices can be recognized over the phone and email addresses can be traced. 

On the other hand, digital whistleblowing hotlines are specifically designed to provide a higher degree of anonymity. These platforms use encryption and secure data storage to protect the information submitted by whistleblowers, ensuring that sensitive data remains confidential.

Thus, digital whistleblowing hotlines can be anonymous if the company offers this option. Employees can usually find the answer to this question in the company's whistleblowing policy or on the reporting page. 

Why should companies implement a digital whistleblowing hotline?

Implementing a whistleblowing hotline is essential for companies looking to:

  • Be compliant with legal requirements and avoid fines,

  • Promote an open, transparent, and people-centric Speak-up culture, 

  • Be proactive against any violations by detecting wrongdoings, mitigating risks at an early stage, and handling cases internally before they escalate,

  • Protect employees and their well-being and thus ensure greater employee retention, loyalty, and talent acquisition, 

  • Enable enhanced organizational trust between employees and management teams,

  • Prevent damages to the company's future efficiency and reputation among clients, investors, and the public.

How to implement a digital whistleblowing hotline in your company

Implementing a digital whistleblowing hotline in your company requires a few steps, including:

  • Researching and selecting the appropriate tool that meets your organization's specific needs. Opt for ready-made whistleblowing software to save time and resources throughout the implementation process. Make sure to check out relevant articles and resources to learn what criteria you need to take into account when selecting the right software;

  • Getting guidance from legal experts. If needed, seek legal assistance in developing a clear and comprehensive whistleblowing strategy that complies with applicable laws and regulations;

  • Setting up an investigation committee responsible for handling and resolving reported cases;

  • Hotline configuration. If your organization requires a more complex system, consider using Case Management features to define user roles and restrict access to specific information as necessary;

  • Constant training to your teams to ensure they are well-equipped to handle the reported cases and are familiar with your company's internal whistleblowing policies and procedures.

How much time does it take to implement a whistleblowing hotline?

The timeframe for implementing a whistleblowing hotline can differ, generally spanning from just a few days to multiple weeks, contingent upon the preferred scope, capabilities, and functionalities.

Take the first step towards a transparent and accountable workplace today and experience the benefits of a whistleblowing platform that truly cares about your organization's success.