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Whistleblowing System In Compliance: Why It Matters and How to Achieve It

Yulia Landbo

Yulia Landbo

Last updated: Jul 27, 2023 3 min read

A whistleblowing compliance culture serves as the bedrock that shapes employee behavior and influences decision-making, playing a crucial role in the success or failure of a business. This is why the whistleblowing compliance system is no longer a mere checkbox exercise, but rather a key component of a resilient and ethically-driven organization. 

This blog post delves into the importance of a whistleblowing compliance system and explores the key factors that contribute to an efficient and compliant whistleblowing process.

What is Whistleblowing  Compliance System?

A whistleblowing compliance system represents an organization's adherence to laws, regulations, and best practices related to setting up and maintaining a whistleblowing system. 

In the business environment, it is imperative that all individuals, from entry-level employees to top management and external stakeholders, acknowledge, understand and appreciate the significance of internal guidelines and fundamental ethical principles guiding the whistleblowing process within the organization.

The Importance of Whistleblowing System for Compliance

Legal and regulatory requirements for a whistleblowing compliance system aim to protect people who report unethical, illegal, or improper conduct. These requirements serve as the foundation for establishing effective whistleblowing systems that help prevent damage and detect threats that may otherwise remain hidden.

In the European Union, the EU Whistleblower Protection Directive (Directive 2019/1937) came into effect in December 2021, setting minimum standards for whistleblowing systems across all member states. It requires all businesses and public entities with 50+ employees to implement internal reporting channels, protect whistleblowers from retaliation, ensure prompt investigations, and follow up on the reports.    

Apart from the EU Directive, organizations must also consider other regional or local relevant laws and industry-specific regulations when designing and implementing whistleblowing systems. For example, in the EU, all data, including one related to whistleblowing, must be managed in compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Ensuring data privacy is vital, particularly when sensitive information is shared through a whistleblowing channel. Consequently, it is imperative that whistleblowing procedures take into account the mandates of both GDPR and any other applicable data privacy regulations and standards. Another example is ISO 37002 Whistleblowing Standard, the internationally recognized standard for organizational whistleblowing systems.

Compliance with whistleblowing regulations offers significant benefits for organizations, such as:

  • Whistleblower protection. When organizations meet legal and regulatory requirements of whistleblowing compliance, they ensure a safe and confidential environment for employees to report unethical or illegal activities. Additionally, by implementing anti-retaliation measures, organizations encourage a “Speak-up” culture that fosters open and transparent communication.

  • Misconduct and fraud prevention. Whistleblowing compliance systems help organizations create robust reporting and investigation mechanisms, which can detect and prevent fraud and other forms of misconduct. Thus, organizations can take timely corrective action with minimum legal and reputational risks, reduce financial losses and avoid regulatory penalties.

  • An ethical, transparent, and positive workplace culture: A strong commitment to compliance, ethics, and transparency contributes to a healthier workplace culture, which can lead to higher employee morale, increased loyalty, and better overall performance. 

Key Elements of a Compliant Whistleblowing Program

To ensure its effectiveness and adherence to regulatory requirements, the whistleblowing compliance system entails several key elements, such as:

  • Confidentiality safeguards the identities of whistleblowers and the information included in their reports. Upholding confidentiality does not only foster trust, but also aligns with legal requirements aimed at protecting whistleblowers and maintaining an ethical workplace.

  • Accessibility. Providing multiple channels for reporting, such as written submissions, voice communication, and in-person meetings, helps accommodate various preferences and situations. Moreover, the availability of anonymous and confidential formats ensures the protection of whistleblowers' identities.

  • Training tailored to the organization’s needs. By providing regular training sessions and educating employees and stakeholders on the whistleblowing policy, reporting process, and the protections available to whistleblowers, organizations can ensure that all staff members understand the importance of reporting misconduct, their rights, and their responsibilities

  • Timely, objective, and thorough investigation. By impartially investigating reports, organizations can ensure that concerns are properly examined, and appropriate actions are taken based on the findings. The process should ensure confidentiality and involve individuals with the appropriate expertise and independence from the parties involved.

  • Record-keeping. Well-organized, thorough documentation of all reports and outcomes helps organizations track the progress of investigations, verify that appropriate actions have been taken, identify patterns and implement more effective prevention measures in the future.

  • Efficiency revision. Regularly reviewing and assessing the efficiency of the whistleblowing system ensures its effectiveness and compliance with relevant laws and regulations. This may involve conducting audits, gathering feedback, and implementing improvements based on lessons learned.

Achieving  Compliance with a Whistleblowing System

Achieving whistleblowing compliance involves several key steps that organizations should follow. These steps include:

  • Assess the current system. If an organization already has a whistleblowing system in place, the first step is to evaluate its effectiveness and adherence to legal and regulatory requirements. This assessment should consider the accessibility, confidentiality, and responsiveness of the current tools and procedures in place.

  • Identify gaps. Traditional whistleblowing channels and approaches such as phone lines, post boxes, or in-person meetings may lack the necessary accessibility, security, or anonymity features to encourage reporting. Some of these gaps could prevent potential whistleblowers from voicing their concerns and hinder the organization's ability to identify, address and prevent misconduct.

  • Create an action plan. This plan should outline the necessary steps and changes to the whistleblowing system, while also mentioning the resources, timelines, and responsibilities for addressing these changes.

  • Implement a suitable solution. By adopting a secure, user-friendly digital whistleblowing platform, organizations can offer more accessible and confidential means for reporting misconduct. These platforms can provide multiple reporting channels, ensure anonymity, data security, and streamline the investigation and follow-up process.

  • Monitor and update. Organizations should not adopt a static approach to whistleblowing compliance systems, but regularly review and assess its effectiveness and compliance with requirements, to maintain the system responsive and efficient over time. This monitoring also enables organizations to align with changes in the legal landscape and emerging best practices. 

Developing and promoting a strong whistleblowing compliance culture is a vital component that requires consistent efforts. Don't wait any longer – take action now to prioritize whistleblowing system compliance in your organization. Have a tour or book a demo to see how our whistleblowing system can ensure full compliance in your company.